Medical Collections Less Than $500 Soon to No Longer Impact FICO® Scores
The three major consumer reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) are targeting the removal of third party medical collections less than 500 dollars from consumer credit reports by early April 2023.
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The three major consumer reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) are targeting the removal of third party medical collections less than $500 from consumer credit reports by early April 2023. As FICO® Scores are based on the information reported in an individual's credit report, the removal of this information means that it will no longer be considered by any version of the FICO Score.
This action joins other changes in medical debt reporting that has taken place over the last year:
- Paid medical collection debt are no longer reported on consumer credit reports (effective July 2022)
- Consumers will have more time to work with insurance and healthcare providers to address their medical debt before it's reported. New third-party medical collections will be added to credit reports only after one year has passed. Previously, it was reported after six months.
FICO® Score Impacts
Approximately 10% of people with FICO Scores are impacted by the changes above, with most of those people having a medical collection less than $500. The potential impact on a person's FICO® Scores associated with these changes will depend on both the amount of collection information removed as a result of these changes, as well as the other information contained in the individual's credit file:
If the consumer has other negative items reported in their credit file, the recency, frequency, and severity of those negative items will continue to be assessed by the score. Therefore, the removal of paid third-party medical collections and/or third-party medical collections less than $500 may have a more modest impact on the score.
If the third-party medical collection is the only negative item reported, its removal could have a more substantial positive impact on score.
If you have third party medical collections less than $500 being reported, you may want to monitor the impact of the removal of these items from your credit report. You can sign up for myFICO's Basic monitoring solution for free to track the reporting and removal of these medical collections via monthly updates of your Equifax credit report and FICO® Score 8.
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